2nd Life Sciences competition for universities, secondary schools, holds March 29 – April 30 in Nigeria
The second edition of the National Life Sciences Competition (NLSC) for tertiary institutions and secondary schools in Nigeria dedicated to inspiring more young people to pursue science careers is scheduled for March 29 to July 4
Though, malaria is 'deadly' and have claimed millions of lives, especially in Africa, it is the brain that controls both the pain and fever aspects of the disease in human beings, a research lecturer at the University of Ilorin (UNILORIN), in Kwara State, Dr. Aboyeji Lukuman Oyewole, has said.
Most vitamins, such as A, B, C, D and E are present in Moringa. These vitamins are important in many body processes, including protection of cells of the body, digestion of food, good eye sight and strong bones and teeth. Their deficiency results in so many different disease conditions. The leaves of Moringa contain ten times more vitamin A than carrots and seven times more vitamin C than oranges.
Energy and Environment ― Municipal Solid Waste The Fuel Of The Future?
Haruna Adamu, PhD
In recent time, the need for increased energy demand has heightened a very enticing discussion on an energy technology that involves transforming municipal solid waste to energy. Municipal solid waste (MSW) can be used as an energy source in the same way as carbon-containing energy source materials. Some futurists believe that the world will eventually have a waste-based economy. However, this has thrown repeated question that mostly goes around and getting much of the attention these days― could MSW be the fuel of the future?
The MSW can release a substantial quantity of energy that can be harnessed to drive socio-economic ventures to fruition. For example, an overflowing waste that would otherwise throw to dumpsites could produce electricity. This doesn't just make electricity, but can also make money for the people that can venture into the business given the total global waste-to-energy market projection revenues of $45 billion (equivalent to 20 trillion and 250 billion Naira) over the next six years.
Mental health in a changing world: The Students, Government and Universities
Abdul Rahman Olagunju
Studies have shown that pressure, competition and stress experienced by students puts them at high risk for mental health issues. However, precise estimates of the prevalence of anxiety and depression in this population remain elusive. Nevertheless, students need and deserve thoughtful, evidence-based support in order to address mental health issues on their campuses with urgency and focus.
How is Nigeria's Biomedical Science Community Performing on a Global Scale
Mohammed Auwal Ibrahim, PhD
With the current annual average of around 1,200 scientific publications by the University of Ibadan, it will require about 325 years to reach Harvard Medical School, while 100, 109 and 131 years will be needed to meet up with University of Tokyo, University of Melborne, and University of Sao Paolo, respectively, if these universities are to (theoretically) stop scientific publications now.
Studies have shown that continuous heating and reheating of oil aids its transformation into trans fats, which not only raises the bad cholesterol - low density lipoprotein (LDL) - levels in the body, but also lowers the good cholesterol - high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. "The chemical changes that take place in reheating of cooking oils will increase the percentage of trans fats - a form of fat which is harmful to the body- thereby leading to an increase in the bad cholesterol profile known as low density lipoprotein (LDL)," The cholesterol usually formed from this fat travel to different parts of the body system through the blood, alongside the transportation of vitamins and minerals. However, once there's an increase in the bad cholesterol (LDL), it builds up on the walls of the blood vessels, thereby forming what is known as plaque,which overtime narrows the blood vessels leading to different health risks especially, heart related diseases.
Scientist Works on Solution to Reduce Pre-Harvest Losses for Beans Farmers In Nigeria’s North East
In Nigeria’s North East where Beans are mostly cultivated, farmers have identified Cowpea Witchweed as a major cause of their pre-harvest losses. The pest, which is referred to as ‘WutaWuta’ (Fire-Fire) in their local Hausa language was drawn from the ravaging effect of the pest on its host (beans seedling). Recurrent losses over the years have discouraged many farmers in this region from cultivating the legume, while others who manage to farm sell their harvest at exorbitant prices to recoup losses.
Combatting The Challenge Of Consuming Beef With Antimicrobial Residue
Samuel Oyejola and Zarah Yusuf
How dangerous are beef consumed in Nigeria? Researchers and veterinary experts in the country are at parallel decisions on this matter. According to study, about 1.3 million cattle are slaughtered for consumption in the country with majority of it coming from abattoirs and butchers houses across the country. For researchers and veterinary experts, the bone of contention is the danger pose by the antimicrobial residue in beef due to antibiotics and other drugs administered to cattle before taken to slaughter houses.
Tuberculosis for a long time is a public health challenge in Nigeria. It is one communicable disease that has claimed lives and has continued to claim lives among humans. However for animals, there are revelations that bovine TB, a form of Tuberculosis found in cattle is becoming epidemic in the country among humans. This challenge pose not a little set back to the combined effort of the government and development partners to eradicate the disease in the country by 2030.
The cause of the increased miscarriages is therefore not farfetched. This could result from Q Fever. Also called query fever, Q Fever is a bacterial infection caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii most commonly found in cattle, sheep, and goats around the world. “Q Fever is a factor that can lead to miscarriages, especially when bacteria in an environment contaminated with secreta and excreta of infected animals are aerosolized. It can also be contacted by humans when there is any direct contact with infected animal,” Dr. Felicia Agbo explained.
The poultry waste dumpsites of Idi Ayunre and environs: Reservoirs and distributors of disease-causing antibiotic resistant pathogens
Sunday Omeike, PhD
Poultry business is a major contributor to Nigeria’s economy and source of meats and eggs for domestic and commercial purposes. A 2018 FAO report estimated over 180 million birds mostly in semi-intensive and intensive farms, and Netherlands Enterprise Agency’s recent report says they contribute approximately 25% to Nigeria’s agricultural GDP. This increasing economic importance of poultry farms, which could be said to be partially fuelled by antibiotic usage for health and weight gain, also leads to concomitant increase in poultry waste (litter) generated and disposed of into the environment. While antibiotic usage cannot be quantified without hard evidence, its effect can be tracked in poultry litter, as evident in Idi Ayunre town and its several adjoining communities.
Covid-19: How relaxing ban on gatherings might have triggered second wave in Bauchi and other states
In 2016, Rainey et al., conducted a systematic literature review about mass gathering-related respiratory disease outbreaks occurring in the United States from 2005 to 2014 and found outbreaks of infectious diseases following 72 mass gathering events. In another study by Shi et al., 2010, using a computer model, it was suggested that mass gatherings can increase the peak of a pandemic by 10%. In other words, we are likely to have 10% more cases with mass gatherings than without. A survey across some Bauchi towns showed that, except for few people who still wear their nose mask, many have dropped all Covid-19 protocols that were earlier enforced like hand washing, social distancing and other safety precautions.
Sickle Cell Disease in Nigeria: Challenges and ordeals of parents who were wrongly diagnosed
Chima Azubuike FASLN
Biologically, Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is an inherited chronic blood disorder that results from a mutation in the β globin gene that makes haemoglobin, which responsible for carrying oxygen in red blood cells. In essence, it is a genetic condition that is present at birth, and it's inherited when a child receives two sickle cell genes - one from each parent. Various types exist. However, the most common in these environs are "HbSS and other haemoglobinopathies which are HbCC and HbSC, HbDD. SCD is a serious public health concern, present mainly in tropical countries, especially sub-Saharan Africa. Many young people still don't know their genotype status (e.g., SS, AS, AA, CC, AC, CC). This makes them take the wrong decisions as far as marital life is concerned. SCD could be avoided if right education is made available, and decisions were made at the early stages of life.
The Problem of Memory Loss in Nigeria: The Burden and Way Forward
Professor Isyaku Umar Yarube
With Nigeria’s current population of 206,139,589, and forecast population of 401,315,000 by 2050, the population of people with dementia is expected to rise from the current estimate of 14 million to over 28 million.
Environmental Pollution and Climate Change Explains Recent Unstable Weather in Nigeria
Haruna Adamu, PhD
By now, most average literate Nigerians must have heard that greenhouse gases emissions caused by environmental pollution affects the climate, and this appears more severely in urban areas than rural locations. Indeed, the commonest greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and tropospheric ozone (O3). Because of the indiscriminate dumping of wastes, urban refuse in dumpsites is major sources of uninvited gas of methane, which has more heating effect than carbon dioxide. This does not only bring illness to humans but causes environmental havoc.
Water Pollution and Industrial Effluents: A Case of Challawa Industrial Area, Kano State, Nigeria
Dr Adamu Abubakar Sadeeq
It is estimated that 75% of the world population, mostly in developing countries, does not have access to safe drinking water (Hannah and Max, 2019). Among the most pressing environmental problems facing developing countries include air, water and soil degradation. Of these, water pollution poses a serious challenge due to its impact on large economics activities.
The problem of industrial effluent pollution requires attention, especially in the case of Challawa industrial estate, Kano Nigeria. Industrial survey analysis confirmed that 60 industries discharged untreated effluents into the river, and only six surveyed industries (10%) had primary treatment plants ranging from oxidation tanks to sedimentation tanks in Challawa industrial area.
A simple way to understand how handwashing does this is to think of what happens when you wash your dirty, oily or greasy clothes in soap and water. Soaps have an amphiphilic property, i.e. they have a water-loving or water-attracting end (hydrophilic head) and a fat-loving end (hydrophobic tail), which makes them interact with both water and lipid phases of a solution. During laundry, soap binds to the (oil end of the) dirt/grease/oil stain on your clothes, dissolves it and then washes it away. This same mechanism applies to the Coronavirus when we perform handwashing for at least 20 seconds. The novel coronavirus has a lipid-rich envelope, a shell-like structure enclosed by fatty acids (phospholipid bilayer). This structure is similar to the oil droplet or grease stains on our clothes. During handwashing, the hydrophobic tail of the soap binds to the hydrophobic envelope layer of the virus since both are fat-loving.