Studies have shown that continuous heating and reheating of oil aids its transformation into trans fats, which not only raises the bad cholesterol - low density lipoprotein (LDL) - levels in the body, but also lowers the good cholesterol - high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. "The chemical changes that take place in reheating of cooking oils will increase the percentage of trans fats - a form of fat which is harmful to the body- thereby leading to an increase in the bad cholesterol profile known as low density lipoprotein (LDL)," The cholesterol usually formed from this fat travel to different parts of the body system through the blood, alongside the transportation of vitamins and minerals. However, once there's an increase in the bad cholesterol (LDL), it builds up on the walls of the blood vessels, thereby forming what is known as plaque,which overtime narrows the blood vessels leading to different health risks especially, heart related diseases.
Scientist Works on Solution to Reduce Pre-Harvest Losses for Beans Farmers In Nigeria’s North East
In Nigeria’s North East where Beans are mostly cultivated, farmers have identified Cowpea Witchweed as a major cause of their pre-harvest losses. The pest, which is referred to as ‘WutaWuta’ (Fire-Fire) in their local Hausa language was drawn from the ravaging effect of the pest on its host (beans seedling). Recurrent losses over the years have discouraged many farmers in this region from cultivating the legume, while others who manage to farm sell their harvest at exorbitant prices to recoup losses.
Tuberculosis for a long time is a public health challenge in Nigeria. It is one communicable disease that has claimed lives and has continued to claim lives among humans. However for animals, there are revelations that bovine TB, a form of Tuberculosis found in cattle is becoming epidemic in the country among humans. This challenge pose not a little set back to the combined effort of the government and development partners to eradicate the disease in the country by 2030.
Combatting The Challenge Of Consuming Beef With Antimicrobial Residue
Samuel Oyejola and Zarah Yusuf
How dangerous are beef consumed in Nigeria? Researchers and veterinary experts in the country are at parallel decisions on this matter. According to study, about 1.3 million cattle are slaughtered for consumption in the country with majority of it coming from abattoirs and butchers houses across the country. For researchers and veterinary experts, the bone of contention is the danger pose by the antimicrobial residue in beef due to antibiotics and other drugs administered to cattle before taken to slaughter houses.
The cause of the increased miscarriages is therefore not farfetched. This could result from Q Fever. Also called query fever, Q Fever is a bacterial infection caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii most commonly found in cattle, sheep, and goats around the world. “Q Fever is a factor that can lead to miscarriages, especially when bacteria in an environment contaminated with secreta and excreta of infected animals are aerosolized. It can also be contacted by humans when there is any direct contact with infected animal,” Dr. Felicia Agbo explained.
The poultry waste dumpsites of Idi Ayunre and environs: Reservoirs and distributors of disease-causing antibiotic resistant pathogens
Sunday Omeike, PhD
Poultry business is a major contributor to Nigeria’s economy and source of meats and eggs for domestic and commercial purposes. A 2018 FAO report estimated over 180 million birds mostly in semi-intensive and intensive farms, and Netherlands Enterprise Agency’s recent report says they contribute approximately 25% to Nigeria’s agricultural GDP. This increasing economic importance of poultry farms, which could be said to be partially fuelled by antibiotic usage for health and weight gain, also leads to concomitant increase in poultry waste (litter) generated and disposed of into the environment. While antibiotic usage cannot be quantified without hard evidence, its effect can be tracked in poultry litter, as evident in Idi Ayunre town and its several adjoining communities.
Covid-19: How relaxing ban on gatherings might have triggered second wave in Bauchi and other states
In 2016, Rainey et al., conducted a systematic literature review about mass gathering-related respiratory disease outbreaks occurring in the United States from 2005 to 2014 and found outbreaks of infectious diseases following 72 mass gathering events. In another study by Shi et al., 2010, using a computer model, it was suggested that mass gatherings can increase the peak of a pandemic by 10%. In other words, we are likely to have 10% more cases with mass gatherings than without. A survey across some Bauchi towns showed that, except for few people who still wear their nose mask, many have dropped all Covid-19 protocols that were earlier enforced like hand washing, social distancing and other safety precautions.
Sickle Cell Disease in Nigeria: Challenges and ordeals of parents who were wrongly diagnosed
Chima Azubuike FASLN
Biologically, Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is an inherited chronic blood disorder that results from a mutation in the β globin gene that makes haemoglobin, which responsible for carrying oxygen in red blood cells. In essence, it is a genetic condition that is present at birth, and it's inherited when a child receives two sickle cell genes - one from each parent. Various types exist. However, the most common in these environs are "HbSS and other haemoglobinopathies which are HbCC and HbSC, HbDD. SCD is a serious public health concern, present mainly in tropical countries, especially sub-Saharan Africa. Many young people still don't know their genotype status (e.g., SS, AS, AA, CC, AC, CC). This makes them take the wrong decisions as far as marital life is concerned. SCD could be avoided if right education is made available, and decisions were made at the early stages of life.
The Problem of Memory Loss in Nigeria: The Burden and Way Forward
Professor Isyaku Umar Yarube
With Nigeria’s current population of 206,139,589, and forecast population of 401,315,000 by 2050, the population of people with dementia is expected to rise from the current estimate of 14 million to over 28 million.
Environmental Pollution and Climate Change Explains Recent Unstable Weather in Nigeria
Haruna Adamu, PhD
By now, most average literate Nigerians must have heard that greenhouse gases emissions caused by environmental pollution affects the climate, and this appears more severely in urban areas than rural locations. Indeed, the commonest greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and tropospheric ozone (O3). Because of the indiscriminate dumping of wastes, urban refuse in dumpsites is major sources of uninvited gas of methane, which has more heating effect than carbon dioxide. This does not only bring illness to humans but causes environmental havoc.
Water Pollution and Industrial Effluents: A Case of Challawa Industrial Area, Kano State, Nigeria
Dr Adamu Abubakar Sadeeq
It is estimated that 75% of the world population, mostly in developing countries, does not have access to safe drinking water (Hannah and Max, 2019). Among the most pressing environmental problems facing developing countries include air, water and soil degradation. Of these, water pollution poses a serious challenge due to its impact on large economics activities.
The problem of industrial effluent pollution requires attention, especially in the case of Challawa industrial estate, Kano Nigeria. Industrial survey analysis confirmed that 60 industries discharged untreated effluents into the river, and only six surveyed industries (10%) had primary treatment plants ranging from oxidation tanks to sedimentation tanks in Challawa industrial area.
A simple way to understand how handwashing does this is to think of what happens when you wash your dirty, oily or greasy clothes in soap and water. Soaps have an amphiphilic property, i.e. they have a water-loving or water-attracting end (hydrophilic head) and a fat-loving end (hydrophobic tail), which makes them interact with both water and lipid phases of a solution. During laundry, soap binds to the (oil end of the) dirt/grease/oil stain on your clothes, dissolves it and then washes it away. This same mechanism applies to the Coronavirus when we perform handwashing for at least 20 seconds. The novel coronavirus has a lipid-rich envelope, a shell-like structure enclosed by fatty acids (phospholipid bilayer). This structure is similar to the oil droplet or grease stains on our clothes. During handwashing, the hydrophobic tail of the soap binds to the hydrophobic envelope layer of the virus since both are fat-loving.
Yellow Fever: Experts urge Bauchi, others to be proactive in fighting disease
The reoccurence of yellow fever in Bauchi and few other states is a thing of concern. The yellow fever vaccine has been around for some years. Immunization is now the most effective method of prevention of yellow fever, supplemented with prevention of mosquito bites. The Bauchi state government needs to, as soon as possible, carryout a yellow fever vaccination coverage assessment to know the vaccination needs of the population.
"There is also a need to expand the vaccination to include as many people as possible. This can only be done by building more laboratories to increase its testing capacity. However, there needs to be thorough sensitization of the public, because up till now, some people still see vaccination through the lens of ignorance and baseless myths.
How do recent population trends in Nigeria matter to climate change
Abdulrahman Olagunju and Michael Chukwudi
In recent times, the impact is increasing, as seen in the gradual disappearance of the Lagos Bar Beach; an extension of the Atlantic Ocean, which has been known as a place of recreation and tourism since the pre-independence era. According to the authorities, the continuous frequent disaster and loss of lives have forced them to place the beach on close surveillance with the installation of shoreline protection bricks
Scientists converge on UNIOSUN to discuss bioethical standard
Sunday Omeike, PhD., FASLN
Researchers in the biomedical field gathered at the Olagunsoye Oyinlola auditorium of Osun State University (UNIOSUN) in Osogbo to discuss the past and present of ethical standards in biomedical research, while also charting a course for future scientists in attendance.
Women researchers in Nigeria are few, but some have made tremendous impact
In Nigeria's male dominated science 'arena', there are still women, who despite all odds, have made tremendous impact just as their male counterparts. Some of these great women, according to Mrs. Thecla O. Ayoka, a lecturer at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN), include the highly-accomplished Prof. Grace Alele-Williams, a Professor of Mathematics, who was the first female Vice Chancellor (VC) of a University in Nigeria. Yet, the irrefutable fact is that their numbers are still few, not only in Nigeria, but in Africa, at large.
Diabetes Mellitus: How Covid-19, high cost of insulin affect diabetics in Bauchi
"It's a difficult time in every sense of the word. On average, the monthly cost of insulin is N10,000 ($26), that's more than 30 percent of the minimum wage in the country. If you spend that much on only insulin, what will be left in your purse to attend to other needs?" he queried rhetorically. "It is even more difficult in this pandemic because everything in the market is now more expensive than it was before COVID-19."
TETFund grants: Are their research solving Nigeria's problems?
Abdulsalam Mahmud and Thecla Ayoka
The National Research Fund (NRF) is one of the special intervention areas of TETFund introduced in order to help in the realization of the objective of addressing critical need for high quality manpower to drive the nation’s economy towards attaining (the now defunct) vision 20:2020. The funds are expected to facilitate research at cutting-edge level on activities that will impact positively on the competitiveness of the country on the global scientific milieu, and build up the research capacity of Nigerian researchers to contribute to the national development efforts as well tackle global challenges. Unlike in Nigeria where we have only TETFund, there are several bodies in the United Kingdom (UK) which specialize in awarding grants and providing funds for research in specific fields